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Importance of Grassland Management

Grass is one of the most important resources for beef and sheep production, which many farmers undervalue. Grass is the cheapest feed, and well managed grass swards can provide economic feed throughout the year either as grazed grass or silage.
Grass often under performs due to poor management. Minor grassland improvements can increase livestock performance such as introducing topping, correct use of fertilisers and reseeding.
Well managed, correctly fertilised pasture containing productive grasses and clover can produce 10-11 T/DM/Ha for grazing and 13-14 T/DM/Ha for silage.

Dealing with compaction
• Reduces runoff caused by compaction
• Protects watercourses
• Increases grass yield

Optimizing soil nutrients
Soil sampling:
• It good practice to soil sample every 3-5 years
• Phosphate (P) and Potash (K) are essential for root development and energy transfer.
• Soil sampling helps to reduce fertiliser usage and make efficient use of the fertiliser applied

Selecting mixtures:
Use local recommended grass seed mixtures
• Local grass seeds mixtures can ensure consistently high performing swards
• More reliable timing of maturity, growth habit, palatability and longevity
• More appropriate mixtures for you system. e.g silage/grazing or both

Weed Control
Control options:
• Topping to reduce the risk of weeds spreading
• Spot spraying for invasive weeds
• Spraying off prior to reseeding